Star Trek Discovery - every Easter egg and secret reference hidden in season 1

100 years of hostility

This episode hints at a reference to the oft-derided prequel series, Enterprise, and then makes it explicit.

“This brave team will be the first to visit this inhospitable planet since Captain Archer and the crew of the Enterprise NX-01, nearly 100 years ago,” says Admiral Cornwell, and it is indeed pretty much dead on a century since the events of Broken Bow, Enterprise’s pilot episode, which establishes the first contact between humanity and the Klingons.

Map makers

So, it looks like we’re going to Qo’noS next week. Exciting! Keep an eye on the hologramatic globe of the planet on Discovery, and you’ll see several names identifying different parts of the planet.

The Lake of Lusor plays an important part in the myth of Kahless. According to that story (and The Next Generation’s Rightful Heir), the legendary warrior forged the original bat’leth, the Sword of Kahless, from volcanic lava, cooled in the Lake of Lusor. Also named in his honour are the Caves of Kahless, as seen in Voyager’s Day of Honor, where B’Elanna and Tom recreate the caverns on the ship’s holodeck.

You may also spot Kang’s Summit - first referred to in Deep Space 9’s In Purgatory’s Shadow. This is a dangerous mountain where Klingon General Martok is captured by the forces of the marauding Dominion. The mountain is itself another reference - Kang is one of the Empire’s most feared warriors. He tested Kirk’s mettle in Day of the Dove, and is encountered again in Deep Space 9’s Blood Oath and Voyager’s Flashback.

Episode 13

A belated log

Yep, in last week’s episode, Acting Captain Saru gave Discovery it’s first ever Captain’s Log. This device has been a grand tradition of every iteration of the franchise to date. It's one of the tropes most commonly associated with Star Trek, so it's a little surprising that it’s taken us to nearly the end of the season to get one, but then the Disco’s previous Captain was never one for upholding Starfleet traditions... 

Episode 11 

That's a novel use for the transporter...

This episode introduces the grim practice of using the transporter to beam criminals or other miscreants unprotected into open space as a form of death penalty. That doesn't happen in the prime universe - at least not legally. It's not the first time the device has been used as a weapon, however. In Enterprise’s Chosen Realm Captain Archer convinces an enemy that the transporter is used by humans for executions, then secretly uses it to escape to another part of the ship. Burnham uses a similar ploy her to transport Voq into open space, ready for the Discovery to pick him up and imprison him before he dies.

"Kill them all." 

This is an amusingly dark inversion. The Federation's General Order 4 is that “Starfleet expressly forbids the death penalty”. Here in topsy-turvy hyper-violent mirror universe, it’s that General Order 4 states "any exotic species deemed a threat to the Imperial Supremacy will be extinguished without prejudice". 

Alien nations

References to the Tellarites and Andorians - both founder species of the Federation - have abounded this season, so it was only a matter of time before they actually showed up. The blue-skinned Andorians look reassuringly familiar to the design established in both the Original Series and Enterprise, with perhaps a little more detail on the skin around the mouth.

The Tellarites, meanwhile, had a more substantial redesign. In their original series debut, Journey to Babel, they were big rubber-faced weirdos with piggy snouts. Enterprise gave them a more realistic look, while Discovery goes a step further, adding tusks and beards that recall Next Gen-era Klingons. 

Sarek’s beard!

Famously, the original show’s Mirror, Mirror differentiated between the prime and mirror universe Spocks by using a stick on goatee. That’s echoed here in the form of Sarek, now working for the resistance and rocking some similar facial hair. This scene goes a little further than simply echoing a visual, however. It’s also a subtle spin on the scene in Mirror, Mirror where Spock mind melds with Dr McCoy and realises that he is in a different universe. 

Episode 10

"This is not our universe..."

The mirror universe is first explored in the classic Original Series instalment, Mirror, Mirror. In that episode, a transporter malfunction opens up a breach between the two realms and the crew meet an evil (and bearded) Spock. It’s a reality where all the good things about Star Trek are reversed. Instead of a peaceable, utopian Federation, humanity is a warrior species, part of the all-conquering, fascist Terran Empire. Instead of working together for the good of the species, starship officers are more likely to stab each other in the back.

Interestingly, that episode is canonically the first contact between the two universes, so how will Discovery justify their encounter here? Assuming that the show isn't just going to conveniently ignore that fact, it suggests that for some as-yet-unknown reason the crew will either be forced to keep schtum about their experiences here, undergo some sort of mass mindwipe or - admittedly very unlikely - they never make it home! I can't see that happening, but I wouldn't mind too much if it meant we got to see more of Captain Killy...

While both the Next Generation and Voyager skipped over the concept, Deep Space Nine returned to the mirror universe several times throughout its run. Over the course of the series various members of the DS9 crew flitted back and forth between realities, finding a radically different DS9 (here known as Terok Nor) and their own sadistic counterparts. It's a particularly painful experience for Captain Sisko, whose long-dead wife Jennifer still lives in the mirror reality.
Enterprise also took a trip to the dark side in its fourth season. The In a Mirror, Darkly two-parter got around that pesky first contact problem by being entirely set in the other universe, with no one from the prime reality crossing over. 

Money talks

"Isik for your thoughts?" Burnham says this Vulcan proverb to the traumatised Tyler in this episode, who responds by asking what an isik is. Turns out that it's a type of Vlugtan currency, first mentioned in Deep Space Nine's Rivals.

Who is the "faceless emperor"?

While giving Lorca and the crew the full mirror universe info-dump, Burnham mentions that the Terran Empire is ruled over by a mysterious emperor. We know from previous stories that there have been several different holders of this title. In the 22nd century, the Enterprise’s Hoshi Sato seized power when she commandeered the USS Defiant (more on that in a moment). 

The following century, the mirror universe Kirk tried to take charge, but was assassinated by mirror Spock, who went on to become emperor. Following his sojourn to the prime universe, he attempts to make the Empire a kinda, less fascistic sorta place. Unfortunately, it doesn’t go well for Earth in the long-term. Spock's reforms accidentally open a door for the Klingon-Cardassian Alliance to enslave both humanity and the Vulcans. Whoops…

So who is the emperor/empress in Discovery’s time? If the show wants to go full on fan-service then they could make it one of Sato’s relatives - the novels suggest that there are three generations of Empress Satos. However, given that we know Michelle Yeoh is going to be an ongoing part of this show - despite her character being extremely dead - I'd lay an isik or two on the Empress being none other than Georgiou.