Adapt and thrive
Books. Generally filled with pages that were in turn filled with words arranged in the rough approximation of ideas, these creations were highly regarded by early societies. But after the advent of cinema and television, books were largely regarded as ancient relics with little practical value beyond propping up table legs.
In certain cases, filmmakers could use what is technically referred to as 'movie magic' to convert these dusty tomes into enjoyable cinematic experiences. The 50 most notable results of this occult process are hereafter detailed.
50. Forrest Gump (1994)
The Book: Winston Grooms 1986 novel follows the adventures of the titular character, from shrimp-fishin to running around the world.
The Movie: A feel-good biopic, Robert Zemeckis Forrest Gump captured the hearts of cinemagoers with its sentimental-yet-gripping look at a simple Southern man, effortlessly portrayed by Tom Hanks, as he makes sense of the world around him. In the novel, Forrest embarks on a NASA mission with an astronaut and an ape named Sue which ends when they crash land back to Earth and get captured by cannibals. This entire sequence was (unsurprisingly) not featured in the movie.
49. Into The Wild (2008)
The Book: A narrative account written by reporter Jon Krakauer based on the life of Christopher McCandless. An adventurer inspired by Jack London who wandered into the wilderness with a dream of expanding his horizons.
The Movie: An inspirational drama directed by a fan of the book, Sean Penn. This cautionary tale instills a magical excitement to McCandless adventure, mainly due to its star Emile Hirsch pouring his soul into his performance. The real-life McCandless was portrayed as far more serious in the book, shunning girls and proving more rebellious towards authority.
48. Mystic River (2003)
The Book: Dennis Lehanes Bostonian novel centres on the lives of three childhood friends who experience a trauma in their formative years.
The Movie: Clint Eastwoods bleak tale cast Sean Penn, Tim Robbins and Kevin Bacon as the grown-up counterparts to the young lads. The twisty-turny drama of the novel translated to the screen for one of the years best ensemble thrillers. The opening sequence of the novel takes place at a train station, whereas in the movie the boys are approached while theyre playing street hockey, making things slightly more action-y.
47. Die Hard (1988)
The Book: A pulpy thriller titled Nothing Lasts Forever, penned by Roderick Thorp as a sequel to his earlier novel, The Detective.
The Movie: Bruce Willis role of ruthless cop John McClane, and the now-iconic image of him sweatily-clad in a white vest, catapulted the star into the limelight. A brainy actioner, Die Hards strengths lie in its commitment to telling a fun story with a ton of uber-cool explosions and killer one-liners. The novels anti-hero is called Joe Leland, not the reworked John McClane as he is referred to in the movie.
46. The Thing (1982)
The Book: A 1938 sci-fi novella by author John W. Campbell Jr. entitled Who Goes There? investigates the paranoia around a group of secluded scientists in Antarctica once their base is compromised by an alien.
The Movie: John Carpenters brilliantly-realised 1982 adaptation fuses horror and sci-fi into a scary-as-hell monster flick. The group of scientists, led by Kurt Russells Macready, catfight, bitch and squabble while uncovering the sheer incredulity of their alien invader. Shapeshifting never looked so good. Literally. Rob Bottin and Stan Winstons animatronics put the 2011 rebootequel CGI efforts to shame. The novella briefly describes The Things original real form - a blue-pelted blob with red eyes. We only see the gaping hole left in the ice in the movie.
45. Requiem For A Dream (1999)
The Book: Hubert Selby Jrs novel braids together four equally-harrowing stories of drug addiction in Brooklyn.
The Movie: Filming the unfilmable, Darren Aronofskys rendition pulls no punches when it comes to delivering the goods. The hopeful intent of the books beginnings languish into subdued hues of utter degradation and depravity. An absolute must-see for its solid core of performances from Jared Leto, Ellen Burstyn, and Jennifer Connelly. The character of infomercial presenter Tappy Tibbons was created solely for the film.
44. A Clockwork Orange (1972)
The Book: A slim novella published in 1962 and written by Anthony Burgess, exploring violent themes beget by the dissatisfaction of youth.
The Movie: Surrounded by controversy upon release, Stanley Kubricks vision of Burgess novel sparked a furor of debate for its hyper-stylised rape sequence and purported glamorisation of violence. In later years the film was praised for its depiction of youth-gone-wild culture pushed to the extreme by the delinquent Alex (Malcolm McDowell) and his gang of droogs. The film bows out on Alex, immediately upon release from hospital claiming sarcastically I was cured alright! - leaving the audience to ponder the authenticity of his claim. In the novel we see him into old age as he loses his propensity for violence and desires a family.
43. Cool Hand Luke (1967)
The Book: Written by Donn Pearce based on his own experiences working in a chain gang.
The Movie: A cocksure war hero, Paul Newmans Luke comes to epitomise the sense of hope his fellow prisoners desperately need to survive. Through a series of failed escape attempts, a cluster of legendary one-liners emerged in this poignant, riveting and often funny spot of drama. The story is told in first-person narration for the novel by a fellow prisoner called Sailor, who through flashbacks, recalls the time Luke came into his life. The character is completely absent from the film.
42. The Color Purple (1985)
The Book: American novelist Alice Walkers Pulitzer Prize-winning tale of a young African-American woman living in the deep south during the 1930s.
The Movie: Steven Spielbergs period piece captured the novels loyalty to its narrators story, scooping 11 Oscar nominations as a result. Whoopi Goldbergs Celie, caught in the strife of rampant racism and sexism, carries the film as she seeks out strength to overcome her situation. The intimate relationship between Celie and Shug is downplayed in the film, whereas the novel expands on an undoubtedly lesbian affair.
41. Misery (1990)
The Book: A gripping yarn by Stephen King, Misery follows romantic novelist Paul Sheldon after his car spins out in a snowstorm and hes rescued by an overly-zealous fan.
The Movie: Spinning a feature out of a novel set in one location only contributes to the sense of claustrophobia in Rob Reiners big-screen adaptation. James Caan, restricted to a bed and a chair for the entirety of the film, is a hero you can root for (the scene with the penguin! Sheesh!) However, its Kathy Bates deranged turn as Annie Wilkes, the nurse and self-appointed number one fan of Sheldon, thats the real standout - a performance that snagged her the Best Actress Oscar. The Sheriff Annie shoots at the end meets a far more grisly fate in the novel. She stabs him then runs him over. With a lawnmower.
40. Out Of Sight (1998)
The Book: Crime caper scribe Elmore Leonards Florida-set comedy follows escaped bank robber, Jack Foley, and his subsequent dealings with a Federal Marshal.
The Movie: George Clooneys classic looks and rogueish charm confirmed his leading man status in Steven Soderberghs brilliantly funny ensemble adaptation. Cast as the persuasive Foley opposite Jennifer Lopez (in a career-best performance before nosediving into chick-flicks), the chemistry between the two is a compelling enough reason to revisit this late 90s gem. The story unfolds chronologically in the novel, a tactic Soderbergh tweaked to include flashbacks for deeper character development.
39. Drive (2012)
The Book: Crime writer James Sallis first slim volume in the Driver series delves into the neo-noir world of a daytime stunt driver turned nighttime getaway driver.
The Movie: Subject to a standing ovation at Sundance, Nicolas Winding Refns gritty take on the life of an unnamed driver (Ryan Gosling) embellished the seedy neon-lit underworld of Los Angeles in this heist-gone-wrong flick. The Drivers romantic interest, Irene (Carey Mulligan) dies halfway through the novel. She survives in the film.
38. Carrie (1976)
The Book: Stephen Kings debut novel published in 1974 was inspired by Kings experience working as a school janitor.
The Movie: Starting with the rite-of-passage bloody rags encounter of ostracised teen Carrie White, and culminating in an outburst of a lifetimes pent-up rage. Almost 40 years on, Brian De Palmas feature still persists in wringing terror from the most docile moments. Piper Laurie as Carries zealot mother chopping carrots, anyone? The novels story is retold through a series of fictional book excerpts and newspaper clippings, a narrative device abandoned for the film.
37. Field Of Dreams (1989)
The Book: W.P. Kinsellas book Shoeless Joe sprang from the authors research into the Black Sox scandal retold via notions of long-dead baseball players returning from the grave.
The Movie: Perhaps most-well known for its iconic line If you build it, he will come, Field Of Dreams tells the story of struggling Iowa farmer Ray Kinsella (Kevin Costner), who embarks on a journey to invigorate his livelihood while seeking answers to the mysterious voice he hears out in the cornfield. The films final moments deliver a heart-wrenching scene of a father and son playing catch thatll have you reaching for the tissues. The character of Terrence Mann, a fictional scribe portrayed by James Earl Jones was actually legendary writer J.D. Salinger in the novel.
36. Casino Royale (2006)
The Book: Ian Flemings very first novel to feature Secret Service Agent 007, James Bond, was penned in less than two months and went on to spawn three film adaptations.
The Movie: The 21st in the Bond film series was the first to star latest Bond, Daniel Craig as the MI6 agent. Martin Campbells effort rebooted the popular spy series, taking the hero back to the beginning of his career, and was at the time of release the most profitable of all the Bond films. Head of the Secret Service, M, is a man in the novel. Judi Dench retained her role for the big screen, dating back to 1995's GoldenEye.
35. No Country For Old Men (2007)
The Book: Southern scribe Cormac McCarthys take on the U.S.-Mexico drug trade, the book rouses the rich details of a dusty drug bust gone disastrously wrong.
The Movie: The Coen Brothers sprawling slow-burner cast Josh Brolin as the Coen archetypal everyman with an opportunity, and teased a winning performance from Javier Bardem as one of recent cinemas most scarily stoic villains. Complete with bad do and a bizarre choice of weapon. The reaction of Carla Jean Moss (Kelly MacDonald) when she comes face-to-face with Bardem is far more restrained than depicted in the novel.
34. The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999)
The Book: Patricia Highsmiths 1955 novel included the first appearance of the cunning and psychotic Tom Ripley, who would go on to star in a further four of her novels.
The Movie: A sly, taut thriller with perfect turns from Matt Damon, bouncing off his Oscar win, as the duplicitous Ripley, and Jude Law as the unsuspecting Dickie Greenleaf. Cate Blanchetts character, Meredith Logue, was created specifically for the movie.
33. Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows (2010-2011)
The Book: J.K. Rowlings final instalment of the Harry Potter series holds the record for being the fastest-selling novel of all time. 15 million copies flew from the shelves in its first 24 hours of publication.
The Movie: Split into two parts, the big screen ending to Harrys journey finally pit Daniel Radcliffes bespectacled wizard against his greatest adversary, Voldemort. Flashy, and at times leaning heavily on the darker themes, it sated fans and snagged a ton of critical gushing. Harry and Hermiones awkward dance in the tent after Ron has scarpered... not even hinted at in the novel.
32. The Wolf Of Wall Street (2013)
The Book: Convicted millionaire Jordan Belforts first memoir recalls his heyday as founder of Stratton Oakmont, a brokerage firm who did pretty much anything to rake in oodles of cash.
The Movie: The fifth collaboration between Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio left no page of Belforts tale unread. Midget-tossing contests, ill-advised nighttime drives on quaaludes... sinking a yacht off the coast of Sardinia! Strung together this series of decadent escapades made for one of 2014s most watchable flick... and its most vulgar. Its been alleged that it contains more utterances of the word fuck than any other movie. After Jordan cuts a deal with the Feds in the movie, he dons a wire to catch out his buddies discussing illegal activity. In the movie, he slides Donnie a note, telling him to not incriminate himself as hes wearing a wire. This last act is absent in the novel - he did not help Donnie.
31. Stand By Me (1986)
The Book: Published as The Body, this Stephen King novella follows four friends as they set out on a quest to see their first dead body.
The Movie: Retitled Stand By Me, Rob Reiners retelling of Kings rite-of-passage tugs on the heartstrings without resorting to cheap gimmickry - the youthful naivete of the four boys before life deals them crummy hands is enough. For the films climax, Gordie (Wil Wheaton) stands up to the bullies and pulls the gun on Ace (Keifer Sutherland) - in the novel, it's Chris who does this.
30. Sense And Sensibility (1995)
The Book: Jane Austens cerebral literature classic, originally published under the pseudonym A Lady, still holds strong as a must-read romantic fable involving the two Dashwood sisters in the late 1700s.
The Movie: Emma Thompson and Kate Winslet play Elinor and Marianne Dashwood; two wealthy sisters plunged into poverty. Under the direction of Ang Lee, the former bagged the Best Actress Oscar... and the one for Best Adapted Screenplay. Thompson spent four years re-drafting what was then her screenwriting debut. The two siblings inherent character traits; sense and sensibility, are switched in the movie.
29. The Pianist (2002)
The Book: The memoir of Jewish pianist Wladyslaw Szpilman and his ordeal hiding out in the Warsaw Ghetto during World War Two, penned by Szpilmans friend Jerzy Waldorff.
The Movie: Roman Polanskis harrowing depiction of Szpilmans experiences avoiding the concentration camps was showered with critical acclaim. In particular for the performance of leading man Adrien Brody, he won the Best Actor Oscar. The chronology of the pianists story is re-ordered in the film, making space for Polanskis own commentary on the period. His own experience in the Krakow Ghetto inspired the changes - including an entirely new character, Dorota.
28. Casino (1995)
The Book: Nicholas Pileggis non-fiction narrative explores the inner workings of the Mafia in Las Vegas, and how they lost their grip on their glittering cash cow.
The Movie: The second collaboration between Pileggi and director Martin Scorsese brought Robert De Niro back into the fold, taking on the role of Jewish-American Ace Rothstein - a wiseguy planted in Vegas by the mob to oversee the day-to-day operations of their casinos. Based on a true story, the book covers the intricacies of Rothsteins literary counterpart running three casinos. Scorsese and Pileggi thought this approach would confuse audiences so they simplified it to just one; the Tangiers.
27. The Graduate (1967)
The Book: Straight out of college, Charles Webb penned the novel based on his personal experience of an academic romance with an older woman.
The Movie: Mike Nichols version cast a young Dustin Hoffman in the lead as Benjamin Braddock. An impressionable youth enraptured by Anne Bancrofts older woman; their encounter is destined for the annals of film quote history by his asking: Mrs. Robinson, are you trying to seduce me? One of the films notable asides, between Benjamin and a family friend who is very interested in plastics, wasnt in the novel.
26. Full Metal Jacket (1987)
The Book: The Short-Timers, an autobiographical tale of the Vietnam War written by U.S. Marine Corps veteran Gustav Hasford.
The Movie: Stanley Kubricks esoteric adaptation playfully toyed with narrative constructs - telling two separate stories of the personal strife undergone by a platoon of U.S. Marines during boot camp and beyond. Originally told in three parts, the storys final segment wasnt included and the brief boot camp chapter expanded upon.
25. Midnight Express (1978)
The Book: Billy Hayes story of human endurance and survival was formed around his own incarceration and escape from a Turkish prison.
The Movie: Alan Parkers adaptation brought the grimness of Hayes experience to cinema screens, with a gut-wrenching central performance from Brad Davis as the imprisoned young American. The real-life account transcribed in the book depicts his escape as being from another prison Hayes was transferred to, and he did not kill the head guard before making his exit.
24. Sophies Choice (1982)
The Book: William Styrons novel, about a Southern writer who befriends a couple in his New York boarding house, was so impactful on popular culture that the phrase Sophies Choice now idiomatically refers to the task of making an impossible decision.
The Movie: Sophies Choice snagged Meryl Streep the Best Actress award for her stunning performance as a Polish immigrant in Brooklyn retelling the story of her time in Auschwitz to her neighbour Stingo (Peter MacNicol) through a series of heart-wrenching flashbacks. How Kevin Klines larger-than-life portrayal of Sophies lover Nathan failed to accrue any award recognition is baffling. While onboard the train to Auschwitz, the book describes Sophies frustration at daughter Evas sniffling nose, whining and upset due to being ill. This detail hints definitively at the reason behind her final choice - whereas in the film the scene is absent.
23. American Psycho (2000)
The Book: Bret Easton Ellis graphic psychosexual novel delves into the minutae of Manhattanite Patrick Bateman's life. It was mauled in the press for its depiction of violence.
The Movie: Mary Harron directed the film based on a script co-written with Guinevere Turner. A frank and bloody depiction of several key events in the novel, she cast Christian Bale in the role of psychotic yuppie businessman Bateman. The body count shown onscreen is considerably less than in the novel - including the painstaking details of the deaths. Batemans first murder of the homeless man and his dog is far more brutal.
22. Jurassic Park (1993)
The Book: A warning to mankind of the dangers of genetic fiddling, Michael Crichtons 1990 novel captured readers with its scientific rationale for engineering real life dinosaurs to populate a theme park.
The Movie: Spielbergs adventure flick lit up the box office during the summer of 1993, plunging a bunch of scientists, lawyers and kids into the depths of an island overrun with cloned dinos. He made Raptors a fixture in popular culture, and placed the T-Rex at the centre of one of cinemas most suspenseful sequences. Being on the edge of your seat never felt so damn enjoyable. John Hammonds grandchildren Tim and Lex were opposite ages in the novel. Lex was younger and keen on sports, whereas Tim was the older of the two fascinated with computers.
21. The Birds (1960)
The Book: The mini-novel by British scribe Daphne Du Maurier tells of a small community besieged by an flock of murderous birds.
The Movie: Under the direction of suspense master Alfred Hitchcock, the fleshed-out feature focuses on the small town of Bodega Bay in California as its citizens come under attack. A mix of black humour and outright terror, The Birds can still provide sufficient reasoning to flake out of that birdwatching trip your Nan insists on taking. The novels location - Cornwall, England - was switched out for the West Coast of the U.S.
20. Mildred Pierce (1945)
The Book: James M. Cains novel tells the story of an aspiring housewife during the Great Depression.
The Movie: Finally landing Joan Crawford the Best Actress Oscar she so desperately craved, Michael Curtizs adaptation of the long-suffering Mildred and her bratty daughter Veda brilliantly wove together Pierces ambitions along with her personal woes. The film eschews the chronological order of the narrative used in the novel, adding Mildreds voiceover as its storytelling device.
19. Jaws (1975)
The Book: Author Peter Benchley was inspired to write the tale of a small town terrorised by a great white shark after reading about similar attacks along the New Jersey coast in 1916.
The Movie: Changing the face of casual swimming for all and sundry, Steven Spielbergs Jaws drastically altered the climate of cinema - becoming the first ever summer blockbuster. Scaring the bejeezus out of its audience, the lurching theme by composer John Williams is now synonymous with the hulking monster. The town of Amitys whining mayor is caught up with mobsters in the novel, who wind up killing Brodys cat. The mafioso subplot was omitted from the flick.
18. The Bridge On The River Kwai (1957)
The Book: Published in 1952, prisoner-of-war Pierre Boulles fictionalised story is based around the real-life construction of the Burma Railway from 1942-43.
The Movie: David Leans Oscar-winner followed the story of three British prisoners; played by Alec Guinness, William Holden, and Jack Hawkins, who are forced by the Japanese Imperial Army into building a bridge for the Burma Railway. The books climactic ending builds to the annihilation of the bridge - for the film, it suffered only minor damage.
17. L.A. Confidential (1997)
The Book: James Ellroys 1990 crime novel is the third installment in his L.A. Quartet series - preceded by The Black Dahlia, The Big Nowhere and finished by White Jazz.
The Movie: Curtis Hansons 1997 neo-noir caper set in 1950s Los Angeles straddled the line of police corruption and celebrity, with two breakout performances from relative unknowns Guy Pearce and Russell Crowe. When working on the script, Hanson and screenwriter Brian Helgeland stripped the novels original plotting of any scene without the three main cops - removing a glut of characters in the process.
16. The English Patient (1996)
The Book: Set during World War II, Michael Ondaatjes novel revolves around a young Canadian army nurse and her unnamed bed-ridden English patient.
The Movie: Told via a series of flashbacks, Anthony Minghellas romantic historical drama was a huge critical and commercial success. A bittersweet love story performed by a meaty acting ensemble; Ralph Fiennes, Juliette Binoche, Willem Dafoe, and Kristin Scott Thomas all received Oscar nods, with Binoche taking home the Best Supporting Actress statuette. The love story between Hana and Kip is the central romance of the novel, whereas in the movie, they are underplayed and the less prominent tale of the patient takes centre stage.
15. Blade Runner (1982)
The Book: Set in a post-apocalyptic world, Philip K. Dicks 1968 novel, Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep? follows the actions of Rick Deckard, a bounty hunter in pursuit of six escaped androids.
The Movie: Ridley Scott's depiction of a crumbling, dystopian Los Angeles in Blade Runner brought the sci-fi novelist to the attention of Hollywood. While it certainly divided critics upon release, it has since been established. Deckards job title in the movie is that of a blade runner - a term never used in the novel.
14. The Silence Of The Lambs (1990)
The Book: Thomas Harris serial killer sequel to Red Dragon finds Hannibal Lecter once more right in the thick of it--this time with FBI rookie, Clarice Starling.
The Movie: Anthony Hopkins Lecter has only 16 minutes onscreen - and in that time managed to gift cinema with one of its most menacing yet compelling villains. And Jodie Foster as Agent Starling? A superb casting call. (If only shed returned for the sequel...) Lecters line of movie dialogue: I ate his liver with some fava beans and a nice chianti was originally ...a nice Amarone in the novel. Not huge, well admit, but for one of the films most quoted lines its a biggie.
13. Trainspotting (1996)
The Book: Irvine Welshs debut novel became a cult classic with its candid portrayal of junkie life in Edinburgh.
The Movie: The beginning of a beautiful friendship between director Danny Boyle and Welsh, the flick made a star of its emaciated lead, Ewan McGregor and a brutal bastard out of The Full Montys Robert Carlyle. Different story threads are told in the novel by a variety of characters, whereas Renton is the sole narrator in the movie.
12. Gone With The Wind (1939)
The Book: A Pulitzer-Prize winner set in the Deep South, Margaret Mitchells sprawling saga follows the life of Scarlet OHara during the American Civil War.
The Movie: Troublesome to get off the ground; production was halted for two years waiting for Clark Gables timetable to free up. The film went on to become a grandiose hit. At times economical with historical accuracy, Gone With The Wind was nevertheless a critical smash upon release with a handful of the era's biggest names - Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, and Olivia De Haviland - in starring roles. In the book, Scarlett has children fathered by each of her three husbands.
11. One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest (1975)
The Book: Working as an orderly at a mental health facility in California, author Ken Kesey penned the novel as a reaction to how patients were treated while under care.
The Movie: Loud-mouthed anti-establishment criminal Randle McMurphy (Jack Nicholson) is arrested and placed inside a mental health facility - where he prods, pokes and provokes the institutions failing system, namely the matronly Nurse Ratched. The second film to ever bag every Oscar in the main five categories. Bromden narrates the novel, offering a series of insights to his life growing up. Director Milos Forman didnt care for this style of narration and dropped it from the film - which alienated Kesey from the project.
10. Schindler's List (1993)
The Book: Australian author Thomas Keneallys fictional retelling of actual events surrounding a Nazi party member who came to the aid of the Jews in concentration camps across Germany and Poland.
The Movie: An epic historical blockbuster, Steven Spielbergs film told the tale of Oskar Schindler, a German industrialist who provided jobs for 1,200 Jews sentenced to death. It cleaned up at the Oscars and made a leading man out of Liam Neeson in the titular role. The part of Schindlers accountant, Itzhak Stern (played by Ben Kingsley) was a composite of several actual men working for him.
9. Dr Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb (1964)
The Book: Written during a spate of novels surrounding nuclear hysteria, Peter Bryants Two Hours To Doom (aka Red Alert in the U.S.) delves into the fallout after a paranoid U.S. general launches a nuclear missile headed for the U.S.S.R.
The Movie: Stanley Kubricks loose adaptation morphed the bleak landscape of the novel into a black comedy with Peter Sellers centre stage tackling multiple roles. The world is saved in the book, whereas Kubrick thought it funnier to witness the planets demise.
8. Fight Club (1999)
The Book: Chuck Palahniuks debut novel was fleshed out after realising a short story hed published about an unnamed man struggling with insomnia was worthy of expansion.
The Movie: Optioned by Fox, the studio brought the book to cinema screens under the direction of Alien 3s David Fincher. Considered a box office failure upon release, the film has since gone on to feature on many best-of lists for its depiction of emasculated men raging against their generations woes. The seamless translation of the novels twist ending has classified it as a must-see-twice flick. The Narrator meets Tyler Durden on a beach in the novel. In the movie, the two meet on a plane.
7. Psycho (1960)
The Book: Psycho was a modest hit when published in 1959 by author Robert Bloch. Influenced by the ritualistic killings committed by Ed Gein in the sixties, he riffed on the notion of a monster living next door, creating the poster child for mummys boys: Norman Bates.
The Movie: Terror-meister Hitchcock took to the slasher genre with zeal, relying on an absence of gratuitous gore to amp up the jumps - the fright of Marion Crane (Janet Leigh) after checking into the Bates Motel couldnt have been scarier. In the novel, Bates is an overweight boozer with a penchant for occult books. In the film hes played by tall, handsome Anthony Perkins - who doesnt read.
6. The Shining (1980)
The Book: Stephen Kings first foray into the haunted house genre, The Shining meshed the authors own real-life struggle with alcoholism into the story of Jack, a writer battling to pen a novel while he and his family hole up in the deserted Overlook Hotel for the winter...
The Movie: Director Stanley Kubricks loose adaptation borrowed from the novels outline, using the unhinged writer in a haunted hotel framework as a suggestion. He shunned Kings own screenplay for his own take. An unfaithful interpretation of the book (no moving hedge animals, were afraid to say); the final product is a tour-de-force in relentless filmmaking. Terrifying and jarring - King mightve been publicly angered at Kubricks version, but cinemagoers rejoiced. The novel ends with the hotels boiler exploding - Kubrick did away with the meddling spectres and maintenance issues, and instead had Jack hunt down his family with an axe.
5. The Godfather (1972)
The Book: Italian-American author Mario Puzos account of a fictional New York Mafia clan explores the inner workings of the Corleone family as they enter a war with their neighbouring enemies.
The Movie: Declared one of the greatest films ever committed to celluloid, Francis Ford Coppolas gangster epic put Al Pacino on the map as up-and-coming Mafia boss, Michael Corleone, and follows his reluctant steps into the family business - and of course, his dealings with his father, Don Vito Corleone (Marlon Brando). A vast chunk of the novel explained Vitos background, in particular his climb up the Mafia ladder - all of which was cast aside for the movie. It did, however, form the basis of the sequel.
4. The Lord Of The Rings: The Return Of The King (2003)
The Book: The third part of J.R.R. Tolkiens Middle-earth trilogy, The Return Of The King brought to a close the quest by Frodo and co. to destroy the One Ring once and for all in the perilous Mount Doom.
The Movie: Peter Jacksons crowning achievement, the final big-screen outing of the fantasy adventure world which started in Fellowship and The Two Towers came to a close amidst thunderous applause from fans and critics alike. It currently holds the record for biggest Oscar sweep, after winning all 11 awards it was nominated for. The filmmakers deemed the novels final scuffle at Mount Doom 'anticlimactic', as Gollum falls to his death, accidentally dropping the One Ring into the Cracks Of Doom. For the film's climax, Frodo and Gollum battle it out together.
3. Goodfellas (1990)
The Book: Nicholas Pileggis non-fiction narrative, Wise Guy, recounts the story of the Lucchese crime family between the years of 1955 and 1980 through the eyes of Henry Hill and his cohorts.
The Movie: Adapted by Martin Scorsese and retitled Goodfellas, the film follows Hill a young whippersnapper, played by a never-better Ray Liotta, caught up with a local mobster crew led by Robert De Niros Jimmy and Paul Sorvinos heavyweight boss, Paulie. Landing six Academy Award nods, it secured one - for Joe Pescis supporting turn as the irascible Tommy. The Im funny like a clown? scene was improvised by Pesci on set, and never appeared in the novel.
2. To Kill A Mockingbird (1962)
The Book: Harper Lees deep South parable concerns lawyer Atticus Finch, who sets about defending an unjustly accused black man on a rape charge. The Pulitzer Prize-winning tome has since featured on many English Literature curriculums.
The Movie: One of Gregory Pecks finest turns snagged him the Best Actor Oscar in the big screen adaptation of Lees novel. A faithful recreation of the book, the big screen retelling brought the tale of injustice in small town America to a worldwide audience. It won three Oscars. The character of Boo Radley, played by Robert Duvall in his debut performance, is mute for the entire film. In the novel, he utters only one sentence when he asks Scout: Will you take me home?
1. The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
The Book: A novella featured in Stephen Kings Different Seasons compendium, originally called "Rita Hayworth And The Shawshank Redemption".
The Movie: The first film to catapult Morgan Freeman into the stratosphere as THE best voiceover artist in Hollywood, Frank Darabonts adaptation cast Tim Robbins as wrongly incarcerated banker Andy Dufresne. A box office failure, the story of a mans hard slog in prison finally triumphed on home video - and has since been heralded as a cinematic masterpiece. In the book, the prisoners gather round to watch The Long Weekend. As the film was owned by a different studio Darabont rifled through the choices - and luckily the Rita Hayworth classic, Gilda, was available.