Metal Slug X
This one really shouldn't work (as it's quite a fast-paced action game), yet somehow it does. The lag doesn't seem to matter so much when you're simply blasting everything with a stream of hot lead from your heavy machine gun. And while you might need to do some quick evading during boss battles, most of the projectiles are in clear view for long enough that you can avoid them with an early jump.
Above: Fast-paced but playable? A surprise success for Remote Play