11. One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest (1975)
The Book: Working as an orderly at a mental health facility in California, author Ken Kesey penned the novel as a reaction to how patients were treated while under care.
The Movie: Loud-mouthed anti-establishment criminal Randle McMurphy (Jack Nicholson) is arrested and placed inside a mental health facility - where he prods, pokes and provokes the institutions failing system, namely the matronly Nurse Ratched. The second film to ever bag every Oscar in the main five categories. Bromden narrates the novel, offering a series of insights to his life growing up. Director Milos Forman didnt care for this style of narration and dropped it from the film - which alienated Kesey from the project.
10. Schindler's List (1993)
The Book: Australian author Thomas Keneallys fictional retelling of actual events surrounding a Nazi party member who came to the aid of the Jews in concentration camps across Germany and Poland.
The Movie: An epic historical blockbuster, Steven Spielbergs film told the tale of Oskar Schindler, a German industrialist who provided jobs for 1,200 Jews sentenced to death. It cleaned up at the Oscars and made a leading man out of Liam Neeson in the titular role. The part of Schindlers accountant, Itzhak Stern (played by Ben Kingsley) was a composite of several actual men working for him.
9. Dr Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb (1964)
The Book: Written during a spate of novels surrounding nuclear hysteria, Peter Bryants Two Hours To Doom (aka Red Alert in the U.S.) delves into the fallout after a paranoid U.S. general launches a nuclear missile headed for the U.S.S.R.
The Movie: Stanley Kubricks loose adaptation morphed the bleak landscape of the novel into a black comedy with Peter Sellers centre stage tackling multiple roles. The world is saved in the book, whereas Kubrick thought it funnier to witness the planets demise.
8. Fight Club (1999)
The Book: Chuck Palahniuks debut novel was fleshed out after realising a short story hed published about an unnamed man struggling with insomnia was worthy of expansion.
The Movie: Optioned by Fox, the studio brought the book to cinema screens under the direction of Alien 3s David Fincher. Considered a box office failure upon release, the film has since gone on to feature on many best-of lists for its depiction of emasculated men raging against their generations woes. The seamless translation of the novels twist ending has classified it as a must-see-twice flick. The Narrator meets Tyler Durden on a beach in the novel. In the movie, the two meet on a plane.
7. Psycho (1960)
The Book: Psycho was a modest hit when published in 1959 by author Robert Bloch. Influenced by the ritualistic killings committed by Ed Gein in the sixties, he riffed on the notion of a monster living next door, creating the poster child for mummys boys: Norman Bates.
The Movie: Terror-meister Hitchcock took to the slasher genre with zeal, relying on an absence of gratuitous gore to amp up the jumps - the fright of Marion Crane (Janet Leigh) after checking into the Bates Motel couldnt have been scarier. In the novel, Bates is an overweight boozer with a penchant for occult books. In the film hes played by tall, handsome Anthony Perkins - who doesnt read.
6. The Shining (1980)
The Book: Stephen Kings first foray into the haunted house genre, The Shining meshed the authors own real-life struggle with alcoholism into the story of Jack, a writer battling to pen a novel while he and his family hole up in the deserted Overlook Hotel for the winter...
The Movie: Director Stanley Kubricks loose adaptation borrowed from the novels outline, using the unhinged writer in a haunted hotel framework as a suggestion. He shunned Kings own screenplay for his own take. An unfaithful interpretation of the book (no moving hedge animals, were afraid to say); the final product is a tour-de-force in relentless filmmaking. Terrifying and jarring - King mightve been publicly angered at Kubricks version, but cinemagoers rejoiced. The novel ends with the hotels boiler exploding - Kubrick did away with the meddling spectres and maintenance issues, and instead had Jack hunt down his family with an axe.
5. The Godfather (1972)
The Book: Italian-American author Mario Puzos account of a fictional New York Mafia clan explores the inner workings of the Corleone family as they enter a war with their neighbouring enemies.
The Movie: Declared one of the greatest films ever committed to celluloid, Francis Ford Coppolas gangster epic put Al Pacino on the map as up-and-coming Mafia boss, Michael Corleone, and follows his reluctant steps into the family business - and of course, his dealings with his father, Don Vito Corleone (Marlon Brando). A vast chunk of the novel explained Vitos background, in particular his climb up the Mafia ladder - all of which was cast aside for the movie. It did, however, form the basis of the sequel.
4. The Lord Of The Rings: The Return Of The King (2003)
The Book: The third part of J.R.R. Tolkiens Middle-earth trilogy, The Return Of The King brought to a close the quest by Frodo and co. to destroy the One Ring once and for all in the perilous Mount Doom.
The Movie: Peter Jacksons crowning achievement, the final big-screen outing of the fantasy adventure world which started in Fellowship and The Two Towers came to a close amidst thunderous applause from fans and critics alike. It currently holds the record for biggest Oscar sweep, after winning all 11 awards it was nominated for. The filmmakers deemed the novels final scuffle at Mount Doom 'anticlimactic', as Gollum falls to his death, accidentally dropping the One Ring into the Cracks Of Doom. For the film's climax, Frodo and Gollum battle it out together.
3. Goodfellas (1990)
The Book: Nicholas Pileggis non-fiction narrative, Wise Guy, recounts the story of the Lucchese crime family between the years of 1955 and 1980 through the eyes of Henry Hill and his cohorts.
The Movie: Adapted by Martin Scorsese and retitled Goodfellas, the film follows Hill a young whippersnapper, played by a never-better Ray Liotta, caught up with a local mobster crew led by Robert De Niros Jimmy and Paul Sorvinos heavyweight boss, Paulie. Landing six Academy Award nods, it secured one - for Joe Pescis supporting turn as the irascible Tommy. The Im funny like a clown? scene was improvised by Pesci on set, and never appeared in the novel.
2. To Kill A Mockingbird (1962)
The Book: Harper Lees deep South parable concerns lawyer Atticus Finch, who sets about defending an unjustly accused black man on a rape charge. The Pulitzer Prize-winning tome has since featured on many English Literature curriculums.
The Movie: One of Gregory Pecks finest turns snagged him the Best Actor Oscar in the big screen adaptation of Lees novel. A faithful recreation of the book, the big screen retelling brought the tale of injustice in small town America to a worldwide audience. It won three Oscars. The character of Boo Radley, played by Robert Duvall in his debut performance, is mute for the entire film. In the novel, he utters only one sentence when he asks Scout: Will you take me home?